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Algeria Model United Nations Rules of Procedures

It is extremely important to develop a thorough working knowledge of the rules, including when they should be introduced, and in what capacity

The rules of procedure are enforced to facilitate the efficient workings of the committee, not to hinder them. Therefore, the Secretary General, Chairs and directors reserve the right to rule motions out of order which may be considered dilatory or disruptive to the committee proceedings. In this respect, one of the quickest ways for a delegate to alienate him/herself within a committee is to be labeled as someone who attempts to disrupt committee proceedings with the introduction of redundant, inappropriate, or time-consuming motions.

Procedure is a vital aspect of Model UN. In committee, there are very specific guidelines that must be adhered to when one wants to make an action. While rules of procedure vary from conference to conference, the following document explains the parliamentary procedure at AMUN. Parliamentary procedure is the language through which you will communicate during the conference. The following guide is a “translation” and explains each rule in a few different ways. First, the “context” describes what the function of the rule is.Second, the “when” explains the time that the rule is used. Third, a “comment” is provided if there is another part of the rule. And lastly, the “best used for” explains the best time for a rule to be used.

Motions

A motion is used in committee when a delegate wants to have an action passed that affects the entire committee. Like the name suggests, “motion,” as in “moving,” means that you are “moving” towards an action (this may help you remember).

Motion to open the Speakers List

Context

This motion is used when a delegate wants to start a new speakers list; the chair will then call on delegates who want to be added to the list.

When

This is used at the beginning of the conference when a speakers list has to be opened to set the agenda; it is also used to create a new speakers list after the agenda has been set (and for every new topic up for discussion thereafter).

Motion to set the Agenda

Context

This is used to set the order in which the topics will be debated; there will be two speakers for and two speakers against the motion.

When

The motion is used after there has been sufficient debate upon which of the topics on the agenda is more important and will be entertained at the discretion of the chair.

Motion for a Moderated Caucus

Context

This motion is employed when one wants to start a moderated caucus.

When

A moderated caucus can be called for anytime during organized debate (when the chair asks if there are any points or motions on the floor), or after a previous caucus is finished.

Comment

When a delegate calls for a moderated caucus, they also must specify the length of the caucus, the length of each speaking time, and the purpose of the caucus; for example “motion for a ten minute moderated caucus with a thirty second speaking time for the purpose of discussing education within the field of child labor.”

Best used for

A moderated caucus is best used for relatively fast paced discussions about a specific sub-topic. It is sometimes used to hear the opinions of many nations in order to focus what the committee will talk about.

Motion for a Un-moderated Caucus

Context

This motion is utilized when one wants to start an un-moderated caucus.

When

An un-moderated caucus can be called for anytime during organized debate (when the chair asks if there are any points or motions on the floor), or after a previous caucus is finished.

Comment

When a delegate calls for an un-moderated caucus, they also must specify the length of the caucus.

Best used for

An un-moderated caucus is best used for informal debate. If a delegate wishes to have a discussion with another delegate, or if a delegate wishes to collaborate with others in writing a resolution, the non-un-moderated caucus would be appropriate.

Motion for a right of reply

Context

If a member of the committee makes a personal attack on another delegate, then the offended delegate is permitted to reply to the delegate. However, if an attack is made on a delegate’s position, the delegate does not receive a right of reply, meaning “Country A is stupid...” would deserve a right of reply, while, “Country B’s idea of satellites is idiotic...” does not deserve a right of reply.

When

A right of reply is requested directly after the personal attack is made.

Comment

The chair makes the ultimate ruling as to whether or not the delegate in question deserves a right of reply.

Comment 2

At AMUN, all rights of reply does not have be submitted to the chair in writing.

Motion to introduce Working paper/resolution/amendment

Context

This motion is used when a delegate wants to introduce (meaning read it to the committee and make it an official document) a working paper/ resolution/amendment.

When

This motion is used after the dais staff has handed out the working paper/resolution/amendment to the committee.

Comment

When you move to introduce the document, you also must specify the number (ex: motion to introduce resolution 2.3)

Motion to table the topic

Context

This motion is used if a delegate wishes to immediately end debate on a topic and move to the next item on the agenda; if this motion is employed, then there will be no vote on the topic or any resolutions introduced on the topic; there will be two speakers for and two speakers against this motion.

When

The motion can be used any time.

Motion to Close the Speakers List

Context

Closing the speakers list means that no more countries will be added to the speakers list; when all the names on the speakers list have been exhausted, then the committee immediately moves into voting procedure.

When

This motion can be used any time during formal debate.

Motion to close debate and Move into voting procedure

Context

This motion is used if a delegate wants to end debate on a topic and move into voting procedure; there will be two speakers against this motion.

When

This motion can be used any time (but it will not be taken seriously unless an ample amount of debate on the issue has occurred).

Motion for a roll call vote

Context

During voting procedure, as oppose to raising one’s placard to vote, a delegate can motion for a roll call vote, which means that each country will be called on individually to cast its vote.

When

The motion is used during voting procedure and automatically adopted, with the chair’s approval. Comment: The ways one can vote during a roll call vote are yes, no, yes with rights, no with rights, abstain, and pass. If a delegate votes yes, it means he/she is in favor of the resolution. If a delegate votes no, it means the delegate is against the resolution. If a delegate abstains, it means he/she does not wish to cast a vote on the resolution. If a delegate votes yes/no with rights, it means the delegate wishes to explain his/her vote. The delegate, upon completion of the roll call vote, will receive a thirty- second speech. If a delegate votes yes/no with rights it usually means that the delegate would like to Explain why he/she is voting against their countries Position or against what the country was arguing for during debate. If a delegate passes, it means that the delegate is unsure of how to vote, and will be called upon at the end of the roll call vote. Please note that if a delegate passes, he/she cannot vote with rights.